M I N G  D Y N A S T Y  
  (1368-1644, 277 years)  



by Lin Liang, a painter in Ming Dynasty




Mongols were driven out. The third emperor of Ming, Zhu Di, ordered the construction of The Forbidden City and moved the capital from Nanjing to Beijing in 1421.  Under the reign of Zhu Di, admiral Zheng He led his fleet to explore the world in seven voyages between 1405 and 1433.  Some believe the fleet reached as far as Europe and Americas. "With hindsight we can see that the Ming dynasty, whose emperors had ruled China since 1368, was past its political peak by the early seventeenth century; yet in the years around 1600, China’s cultural life was in an ebullient condition that few, if any, other countries could match."  Jonathan Spence


- Around 1600, Jonathan D. Spence

The Forbidden City, James Hsu

- MET, Metropolitan Museum of Art

- PBS press release about making a new documentary,
  "1421: When China Discovered the World" Re-writes
  Global History in 2004

Did China Discover America?, Stephen Fay