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S O N G  D Y N A S T Y  
  (960-1279, 320 years)  

 


More works of art

By Li Gong-lin.  There are 1286 horses tended by 143 men.
Historians divide Song into two periods, Northern Song (960-1126) and Southern Song (1127-1279).
This painting is from
the Northern Song period.
 

 
ABOUT THE DYNASTY

Enjoyed calm and growth between 960 and 997, a new class of wealthy common people emerged, and  printing (movable type) invented.  Zhu Xi synthesized Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism into a new ideology.  In the next 200 years Song was beleaguered by invasions from three formidable ethnic minority kingdoms: Liao of the Khitan, Xia of the Tibtan/Tangut, and Jin of the JurchenTartarss tribes.  Mongols first annexed northern China, and in 1279  exterminated Song.

Historians divide Song into two periods, Northern Song (960-1126, capital in the north) and Southern Song (1127-1279, capital in the south).  In the Southern Song period, China's inventions - gunpowder, the compass, pottery, porcelain, and printing technology - began to spill into Europe via sea route.

MORE

- Economy, Culture and Neo-Confucianism, Yong Ho

- MET, Metropolitan Museum of Art (Northern Song)

- MET, Metropolitan Museum of Art (Southern Song)