X I A  D Y N A S T Y  
  (ca 2205 - 1766 B.C., 440 years )  




Vessels of bronze and potter excavated in 1959 from
Er Li Tou in the western part of Henan



Although archaeological evidence is not as compelling as that of Shang Dynasty, findings from recent excavations support the view that Xia is China's first dynasty.  Activities centered around the western part of present-day Henan province, bordering with Shanxi and Shaanxi provinces.  People formed agricultural society, possessed water management skills, and created a primitive lunar calendar.  Bronze was used to make vessels for rituals and weapons.  Territorial boundaries of China began to take shape.


- About the remote past, Bamber Gascoigne